Rafael’s Naval Systems

Rafael’s products have been successfully tested and have been proven in combat situations, helping keep the navies around the world on the winning side.

Issue: 6 / 2011


The Mini-Typhoon is a lightweight, naval, stabilised and remote operated machine gun system. The system provides crew-safe operation enabling force protection and precision engagement. The Mini-Typhoon is an optimal solution as perimetre protection for large vessels. The Mini-Typhoon can also function as main gun for small, fast patrol boats, significantly enhancing hit probability under rough conditions.

The Mini-Typhoon weapon mount is remotely operated through an operator console conveniently located elsewhere on the ship. Operation sequence includes surveillance, target identification, tracking and engagement. The built-in computer calculates a firing solution based on target and ownership data, as well as environmental factors, feeding the gun mount with lead angle and super-elevation that result in high hit probability. The Mini-Typhoon can be operated as a stand-alone system relying on its own sensors and controls or alternatively, through integration to other on-board combat systems.

Operationally proven for over a decade, with high volume production, the cost-effective Mini-Typhoon system provides low-risk and high-value to the customer. The Mini-Typhoon has also been selected again by the US Navy as the remote operated small arms mount (ROSAM), designated Mk 49 Mod 1.


Rafael’s Protector is a naval system based on unmanned surface vehicle (USV). Remotely controlled and highly autonomous, Protector is able to conduct a wide spectrum of defence and maritime security missions.

Combining the needs in contemporary naval battlespace, which emphasises littoral warfare, together with the inherent advantages of USVs; the potential use of the Protector includes maritime security; naval force protection (FP); employed for other naval missions; protector system description.

It has a standard maritime GPS system. The Protector’s MM is configured for ISR, maritime security (MS), and force protection (FP). The major components of the MM are the Toplite electro-optic (EO) sighting system and the Mini-Typhoon weapon station.

The Toplite EO system enhances the surveillance capabilities of the Protector, providing long range, day and night sighting. With multiple optical channels including CCD and FLIR cameras, as well as laser range finder (LRF) and tracking system, the Toplite serves as surveillance, identification and targeting device for the weapon system.

The communication system is based on Rafael’s LightLink system. The LightLink system is a point-to-point non-line-of-sight (NLOS) data link that is responsible for the transmission of digital video and telemetry in the downlink channel and command data in the uplink channel.

Sea Spotter

The Sea Spotter is an advanced naval infrared staring and tracking system (IRST) system that will enable a naval vessel to automatically locate and pinpoint threats and targets located around it without being exposed to enemy systems.

Based on infrared sensors, the Sea Spotter is a completely passive system. Unlike electromagnetic radar systems, it does not emit any signals, so that as part of its situational awareness, it can “see” but not be seen without emitting any beams and without giving away the ship’s position.

The overall target and battle arena image that is produced by the Sea Spotter is able to locate such threats as surface-to-surface missiles, super sonic and sub sonic sea skimming missiles, combat aircraft, gliding bombs, ARM weapons helicopters, ships, small target vessels such as a submarine periscope and/or terrorist threats like jet skis.

Third generation systems such as the Sea Spotter are based on a continuous staring sensor (not a scanning sensor), which coupled with suitable image processing algorithms, greatly decreases the number of false alarms to a rate of one false alarm every 24 hours.

Toplite EOS

Toplite electro-optical systems (EOS) is a family of advanced electro-optical systems for defence and homeland security applications. The system incorporates day/night passive/active sensors for detection, classification, recognition and identification of targets/objects at sea, on land and in the air. An eye-safe laser range finder to confirm range of contacts, laser marker and other sensors, capabilities and applications can be added as advanced options.

Hundreds of Toplite EO systems are currently operational in Israel, USA, Australia and many other countries and users at sea, on ground and in the air, serving as surveillance, detection and identification systems as well as weapon and other systems’ director.

The Toplite EOS, designed for surveillance, observation, identification and targeting is an advanced multi-sensor, multi-purpose, highly stabilised EOS. Mature, proven and fielded on many different platforms for various applications, the Toplite EOS turret (sensors package) has a sealed and single LRU which incorporates the sensors (up to four sensors), the electronic section and the stabilisation sub-system.

The Toplite EOS is derived from the Litening advanced targeting and navigation pod hence providing clear and high resolution images for the user in all applications and enjoys all the latest developments and applications being made for the world leading, state-of-the-art Litening targeting pod.

The Toplite EOS is suitable for aerial, maritime and ground platforms on fixed, hovering and mobile configurations, withstanding the most demanding military specification requirements for all arenas/environments and provides the best possible images at short- and long-ranges and at all conditions and operating configurations. The sensor package incorporates advanced third generation FLIR, high quality CCD camera and an eye-safe laser range finder (LRF), laser marker and other capabilities and applications can be added as options. The Toplite EOS can be integrated on and/or slaved to other control systems for receiving/providing real-time data and direction to other users, such as any C4I centres, combat management system, EW system, radar, navigation systems, weapon systems, etc.


The Torbuster is a fourth generation torpedo decoy for submarines. It provides effective defence against all types of acoustic homing torpedoes.

Upon detection of an incoming torpedo (external to the system), the Torbuster system will launch a decoy from an external launcher. The decoy will propel itself to a safe distance from the submarine and seduce the incoming torpedo by transmitting specific acoustic signals using a technology based on the Scutter, reactive acoustic decoy. As the torpedo homes in on the decoy, the decoy will sense when it is at the closest point of approach and self-explosion, inflicting sufficient damage to the torpedo to neutralise it.

The system is operated from a single console (launcher control unit). The operator is able to monitor the decoys in the launchers, to monitor and activate the launchers, and to control the system’s safety interlocks and devices. The Torbusters are launched from under the casing, through special pneumatic launchers. The Torbuster launcher was specifically developed for the Torbuster programme by Babcock, UK.